Website Manager

Villarreal Force Academy / Fayetteville Soccer Club


Developmental Chart

PhysicalPsychological (Cognitive)TechnicalTactical
  • Lack of coordination
  • Lack of Balance
  • Loses stamina quickly
  • Recovers quickly
  • Play with a go fast or stop mentality
  • High Imagination
  • Short attention span
  • Lack of space awareness
  • Lack of time awareness
  • Very limited technical understanding of the game
  • Lack of surface and directional understanding
  • N/A
  • Tactical awareness should not be a focus due to lack of cognitive abilities at this age
Training Focus
  • Any soccer related movements associated with age appropriate skill sets. (i.e. Walking, running, bending, turning, twisting)
  • Introduction of shapes and symbols
  • Individual focus (each player has a ball to themselves)
  • Continued reminder of rules and boundaries
  • Positive feedback only
  • Making it FUN!!!
  • Balance, Agility and Coordination
  • Patterns of Movement
  • Listening and Social Building
  • Orders and Sequences
  • Space and Time Awareness
  • Surface (foot) training
  • N/A
  • Should not be focusing on tactics at this age
Training and Match Guidelines
  • Ball Size: Size 3
  • Length of Session: 45-60 Minutes
  • Sessions Per Week: 1-2
  • Matches: 3v3, 4v4, No Goalkeeper
  • Goals: cones, pugs, 4x6
  • Field Size: 15x20, 25x30
  • Travel: None
  • Tournaments: None


At the 6U age group, basic body movement is the most important aspect of teaching and coaching. These players are easily distracted, have an attention span of about 30 seconds, and a very low ability to concentrate on more than one direction at a time. If one tries to throw in a ball and dribbling skills, it only leads to frustration, very quickly. Therefore, the term, “before they can run, they must to learn how to walk,” becomes the motto for this age group.

A session at this age must be player-centric, allowing a lot of freedom with very few coaching interruptions. This engages the players, and allows the introduction of the ball with little worry, stress, or failure. Constant positive reinforcement, by the coaches and parents, is essential. Remember, 4, 5 and 6 year olds are not grown-ups; they don’t understand the pressures of a game, they just want to have fun and do their best. Therefore, encouragement is the key. Introduce the ball when needed, and continually add new games that present different challenges without results. Make sure players have a clear understanding of guidelines and rules before each exercise; then positively remind them as the exercise runs its course.

A typical session at the 6U age should consist of in order of importance:

●     Movement and Fitness (Motor Skills): Begin the basic education of movement and warm-up activities. Create games and exercises that come from skill sets such as:

o      Balance

o      Walking / Running

o      Bending

o      Twisting

o      Turning

All sessions should be soccer related, using the ball as a tool rather than the focus.

Contact Us

Villarreal Force Academy

445 Treetop Drive 
Fayetteville, North Carolina 28311

Email Us: [email protected]
Phone : 910-482-4313
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